Amber is fossilized tree resin (not sap), which has been appreciated for its colour & natural beauty since Neolithic times. Amber has many uses it’s made into a variety of decorative objects& jewellery. Also an ingredient in perfumes & used as a healing agent in folk medicine.
There is quite a process involved in the formation of Amber. First the starting resin must be resistant to decay. Many trees produce resin, but the majority of deposits are broken down by physical & biological process. Exposure to sunlight, rain & temperate extremes disintegrate the resin. The process is also assisted by microorganisms such as bacteria & fungi. The molecules need to polymerize, which can take millions of years (at least 100,000 years). After polymerization Amber becomes far less soluble in common organic solvents & will not become sticky if wet with alcohol, acetone or gasoline.
Much of the material marketed as Amber is far too young to be considered Amber & is actually dried tree resin called Copal.
For resin to survive long enough to become amber, it must be resistant to weathering or be produced under conditions that exclude them. There are five classes of amber defined by their chemical constituents. Because it originates as a soft sticky tree resin Amber sometimes contains animal & plant material. Amber occurring in coal seams is also called Resinite. When Amber is rubbed against wool or silk it becomes electrically charged. Amber's Greek name was in electron which modern English has changed to electricity.
The Tigers Soul crystal. Chinese legend says, the souls of Tigers morph into amber upon death. Amber is a powerful ally as it transmutes negative energy into intense healing energy. An excellent protector against psychic attack. A fantastic stone for growth, rejuvenation & manifestation opening all avenues of wealth in life. Highly electric rub amber to generate energy.
Pain relief – excellent for babies teething, Immune system, Brain & hormonal balancing. Cleanses & purifies.
Crystal System: Non crystalline
Form/Habit: Nodular - Tuberose forms having irregular protuberances over the surface
Fracture: Conchoidal - Fractures developed in brittle materials characterized by smoothly curving surfaces, (e.g. quartz).
Specific Gravity: 1.05 - 1.15, Average = 1.1
Colour: yellow-orange-brown, amber, whitish, pale lemon yellow, to brown & almost black. Red, green & blue amber are rare & highly sought after.